Family Network on Disabilities

INformation Hub

School Inclusion

School Inclusion

Updated, 2017

Looking for information about inclusion of children with disabilities in our schools and communities? The CPIR is very pleased to offer you this resource page, which will connect you with the great work and materials of the disability network nationwide and internationally.

Inclusion is part of a much larger picture than just placement in the regular class within school. It is being included in life and participating using one’s abilities in day to day activities as a member of the community. Inclusion is being a part of what everyone else is, being welcomed and embraced as a member who belongs It is being a part of what everyone else is, and being welcomed and embraced as a member who belongs. Inclusion can occur in schools, churches, playgrounds, work and in recreation.

—Kids Together, Inc.

The Basics

What is inclusion?
Visit Kids Together, which offers a wide range of materials on inclusion—its components, its benefits, rights to regular education, the role that assistive technology can play, and much more.

Are IDEA’s LRE provisions a mandate for inclusion?
Read Considering LRE in Placement Decisions and you’ll have your answer. (LRE stands for “least restrictive environment.”)

The issues and conflicts surrounding inclusion, terminology to know, what the law requires, court decisions, research, and recommendations.
From the Wisconsin Education Association Council.

Video | What is inclusion and why is it important?
Ms. Lawrence, the principal of Central Middle School, is eager to learn more about inclusion. At her superintendent’s suggestion, she sets up a meeting with Mr. Sherman, the principal at Monet High School. Watch this 4-minute video to find out what happens during their meeting.

5 benefits of inclusion classrooms | Available in English and Spanish.
From Understood, this article is short and point to the point.
English |
Spanish |

Inclusive education.
From PBS Parents, this online article quickly goes over the principles of inclusive education, its benefits, common misconceptions, and how to make inclusion a reality.

Signs of an inclusive school: A parent’s perspective on the meaning and value of authentic inclusion.
This article, written from a parent’s perspective, highlights a series of questions that school leadership, educators, and families can ask themselves in reflecting on whether their schools offer authentically inclusive experiences. Included are strategies and ideas that schools have used with this parent’s child to create and strengthen academically and socially inclusive educational opportunities for all students.

Videos | 10 examples of inclusion: For those who need to see it to believe it.
Here are 10 videos that are good examples on how particular schools put inclusion into practice.

Back to top

Making Inclusion Happen

Inclusive school characteristics.
A brief chart from the IRIS Center.

Creating an inclusive school environment: A model for school leaders.
This training module offers a general overview of the concepts that principals should consider when creating inclusive schools (est. completion time: 2 hours).

Common sense tools: MAPS and CIRCLES for inclusive education.
From the Inclusion Network, this article describes in some detail two strategies teachers can use to fuel a successful inclusive education for all students. MAPS is a collaborative action planning process that brings the key actors in a child’s life together. CIRCLES of Support is an approach to understanding and building relationships with each other.

18 inclusion strategies for student success.
Here are 18 practical strategies teachers can use to promote successful inclusion.

Q: What does inclusion really look like? Answers from a 2nd grade classroom.
Interesting read!


Resource package | Inclusive academic instruction.
This resource package (which begins with a video) focuses on how inclusive academic instruction provides a variety of instructional and assessment options that meet every student’s needs and promote learning. Comes with a discussion guide, PowerPoint presentation, and steps to get you started.

Resource package | Inclusive behavior instruction.
Inclusive behavior instruction is a proactive approach to teaching social and behavior skills. Schoolwide interventions identify instructional priorities using multiple sources of data, prevent behavior challenges, and provide social and behavior supports. This resource package (which starts with a video) shows how inclusive behavior instruction is a proactive approach to teaching social behaviors that emphasizes positive goals and expectations so all students can successfully manage their behavior. Comes with a discussion guide, PowerPoint presentation, and additional resources.

Back to top


**Highly Rated Resource!  This CPIR resource was reviewed by 3-member panels of Parent Center staff working independently from one another to rate the quality, relevance, and usefulness of CPIR resources. This resource was found to be of “High Quality, High Relevance, High Usefulness” to Parent Centers.

Would you like to keep reading about placement issues?

Placement, Short-and-Sweet
Placement, in overview. Here are the basics, if you please.

Considering LRE in Placement Decisions
LRE–least restrictive environment–is a foundational principle in IDEA. What is LRE, and how does it shape placement decisions? This discussion takes a detailed look.

Starter Set of Resources on LRE
Looking for information, resources, and technical assistance to help you and others support children with disabilities in their least restrictive environment in school? Here’s a starter list of places to look online.

School Inclusion (You’re already here!)
Looking for information about, and best practices for, the inclusion of students with disabilities in regular classrooms and in the daily activities of school?

Placement and School Discipline
How is a child’s placement affected when he or she is being disciplined for a violation of the student code? Find out what authority school personnel have to remove a child from his or her current placement, what authority the hearing officer has, what constitutes a change of placement, and what placement the child will have during any appeal.

Discipline, in Detail

SOURCE ARTICLE: Center for Parent Information and Resources